Justice Of The Peace Foreign Experience Of Organization Comparative Legal Analysis

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Head of the Department of Civil Law and Process at the FF GAOU VPO "SOUTHERN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY" in Uchkeken Karachayevo – Circassian Republic

Abstract: 

In the present article a short comparative analysis of the modern advanced states of the judicial systems is carried out. With considered judicial system's specifics existence it is possible to reveal their common features and tendencies of development. Today, for all states of the world community the process of globalization and universalism is characteristic. Practically all modern Constitutions and laws of states reproduce general approaches to the organization of the judicial systems and trial procedures, which are basis on the principles of the norms of international law, such as the right for fair and public trial in the reasonable time by the independent and impartial court, created on the basis of law. Moreover, today it is already possible to speak not only about declarative fixing of these general approaches, but also about their practical expression in the form of the number of judicial reforms implementation among which the important role is played by the problem of the institute of the justice of the peace formation and development. In this context foreign experience of the institute of the justice of the peace formation and functioning study will allow to reveal the general tendencies and ways of this legal institute improvement in our country. In the conclusion author notes that in the Romano-German family of the legal systems (France, Spain), Anglo-American (USA, Great Britain) and mixed (Canada, Australia) - justice of the peace carried out justice earlier and still continue to function successfully, at the same time this legal institute not usual for the socialist law. So there were no justices of the peace in the USSR, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Cuba, etc.

Keywords: 

justice of the peace, magistrate, judicial system, foreign legislation, historical and legal analysis, commissioner of the peace, magistrate, judicial powers, administrative powers, reconciliation of parties, jurisdiction.

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