Constitutional Legal Regulation And The Reasons For The Legal Nihilism Existence In Modern Russian Society

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 
  •  
  • Nina V. Volodina – Doctor of Law; Professor; Professor at the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation; Professor of the Department of Judicial Authority, Law-Enforcement and Human Rights Activity at the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia;
  • Julia I. Makarova – Student at the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation;
  • Dmitriy E. Nekrasov – Student at the Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation.
Abstract: 

In the present article questions of constitutional and legal regulation and reason for the legal nihilism existence, methods and forms of fight against legal nihilism are considered. Reasons of low legal culture in modern Russian society and ways of the population's legal literacy increase in general are allocated. These problems are extremely topical today as at the 1990th when there was a reorientation of values, ideals and the principles and legislative base was significantly changed, people were simply lost, and it was extremely difficult for them to realize and accept new, absolutely other reality. Today peculiar spiritual and valuable "reconstruct" did not pass completely and the state is obliged to help citizens to carry out it most without serious consequences and successfully. In the conclusion authors draw a conclusion that: first, the problem of legal nihilism more than ever now is particularly acute for modern Russian society. The policy of the state has to be directed by the consciousness of citizens, who understand that law is the integral and obligatory part of the order in the country and that it is one of the basic for any person. Secondly, one of the ways to overcome the legal nihilism consists in the increase of the legal culture level along with the development of effective legal policy. Thirdly, legal idealism, reevaluation of opportunities in law gains especially wide circulation in the years of changes in response to social expectations an insufficiently skilled legislator forms a belief that it is enough to adopt good laws, and all problems would be solved.

Keywords: 

constitution, law, federal structure, legal nihilism, moderate, legal enlightenment, legal culture, legal education, legality.

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