Sources of Hong Kong Civil Legal Proceedings Legal Regulation

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Associate Professor at the Department of Civil and Labor Law of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Ph.D. (Law).

Abstract: 

In the present article author gives characteristic of the civil legal proceedings sources of legal regulation in Hong Kong: statute law, delegated legislation, general law, the Chinese common law. System of the Hong Kong law sources completely corresponds to the system of England civil procedural law sources. Till June 30, 1997 Hong Kong was a colony of the Great Britain. Since 1997 Hong Kong became a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Laws of Hong Kong on courts, on proofs, on the legal aid, on administration of justice contain references to the corresponding English legal acts. The feature of the Hong Kong legal system is due to the fact that Hong Kong Basic Law of 1990 sets on the territory of the country a simultaneous action of two systems of the legislation until 2047: legislation of Hong Kong created before 1997 under the influence Great Britain and legislation of People's Republic of China which regulates questions of foreign policy and country’s defense. The list of sources of the civil procedural law of Hong Kong includes: 1) statute law; 2) delegated legislation (rule of courts); 3) general law (precedents). Author gives opinions of jurists and practicians both from China, and from other countries, present own definitions and justifications.

Keywords: 

law, right, civil process, sources of legal regulation, judicial system, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, China.

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