Role Of The Law And Legal Knowledge In The History Of The Domestic State Development

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Author : 
Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (History), Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law at the Ryazan State University of S.A. Yesenin

Abstract: 

In the present article features of formation and development of the Old Russian, Russian law and jurisprudence and their role in the history of the domestic state are revealed. Author research traditions and bases of the Russian law and sense of justice, which are important for modern Russia, its legal system and statehood: domination of ethical beginnings over legal and collective law over the right of personality. Author carries out analysis of the domestic law formation stages, connected with emergence of outstanding legal monuments ("the Russkaya Pravda", Cathedral code of 1649). Special attention is paid to Peter I's transformations, first of all, in the sphere of law-making and legislation, and also in improvement of legal education in the Russian Empire. The role of Moscow and St. Petersburg Universities within which the main source of legal knowledge were lectures given by the designated professors. Author explains value of the famous reformer M.M. Speransky's versatile activity for the development of Russian legal system, law and legal education, because "the Speransky law school" was directed on preparing teachers of jurisprudence, systematization of Russian legislation, increase of the role of law and legislation in the formation of constitutional state.

Keywords: 

right, law, state, legal knowledge, jurisprudence, Rossiyskaya pravda, Cathedral code, Peter I, universities, M.M. Speransky, legislation, legal education.

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