Dynamics Of The Financial And Economic Development In The Russian Empire Of The Second Half Of The XIX Century Legal Regulation

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Philosophy (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Public and Municipal Administration, Sociology and Management (PMASM) at the Nizhnekamsk Chemical Institute of Technology (Branch) of the Kazan National Research Technological University

Abstract: 

In the article dynamics of legal regulation of financial and economic relations in Russian Empire of the second half of the XIX century is researched. The role of state in the regulation of the financial and economic relations system development is shown. The main normative legal acts of the Russian Empire regulating state revenues, budgetary process, taxation, monetary circulation are analyzed. Author investigated features of the budgetary reform of 1862, showed specifics of standard and legal regulation of direct and indirect budget income and also regalia as exclusive rights of the state. Conclusions are drawn on the features of the financial and economic relations legal regulation in Russia. The role of state initiatives in the formation of new financial institutions in Russian Empire are presented. Interrelation of financial relations with financial policy of the state is researched, factors defining main directions of this policy in researched period of the Russian Empire are shown. It is noted that the state sought to use the private business potential in the separate branches of financial and economic life, first of all, in construction and operation of the railroads, and also in the mining industry. According to the author, normative legal acts of the researched in this article period affirmed a number of exclusive rights of the state in the sphere of economy which allowed the budget to receive steady, though not really high income.

Keywords: 

legislation, state, financial and economic relations, rule of law, income, expenses, budget, credit, taxes.

REFERENCES: 

[1] Dolakova M.I. Finansovaya politika rossijskogo gosudarstva vo vtoroj polovine XX – nachale XX veka: monografiya. M.: APKiPPRO, 2011.
[2] Dolakova M.I. Normativnoe obespechenie finansovo-ekonomicheskix reform S.Yu. Vitte // Evrazijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2012. №4.
[3] Dorskaya A.A. Razvitie sistemy prava v Rossii: problemy periodizacii // Vestnik Moskovskogo gorodskogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Seriya «Yuridicheskie nauki». 2011. № 2.
[4] Komarov N.I., Pashencev D.A., Pashenceva S.V. Ocherki istorii prava Rossijskoj imperii (vtoraya polovina XIX – nachalo XX veka). M.: Statut, 2006.
[5] Pashencev D.A. Vliyanie recepcii na genezis pravovoj sistemy Rossii // Istoriya gosudarstva i prava. - 2009. № 7.
[6] Pashencev D.A. Pravovoe regulirovanie denezhnogo obrashheniya kak sostavnaya chast finansovoj deyatelnosti gosudarstva v Rossijskoj imperii vtoroj poloviny XIX – nachala XX veka // Evrazijskij yuridicheskij zhurnal. 2009. №3.
[7] Pashencev D.A. Sbor nalogov v sisteme finansovoj deyatelnosti rossijskogo gosudarstva v period imperii // Pravo i zhizn. 2004. № 68.
[8] Pushkareva V.M. Istoriya mirovoj i russkoj finansovoj nauki i politiki. M.: Finansy i statistika, 2003.
[9] Rogacheva L.I. Socialnoe partnerstvo kak effektivnaya forma gosudarstvenno-obshhestvennyx svyazej obespecheniya ravnovesiya socialnoj sistemy obshhestva // Socialnaya politika i sociologiya. 2010. № 2.
[10] Yanzhul I.I. Osnovnye nachala finansovoj nauki. - M.: Statut, 2002.