Exceeding of Official Powers (Art. 286 of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation): Identification and Analysis of Signs of Object and Victim

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 
  •  
  • Sergey D. Brazhnik - Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology at the Yaroslavl State University of P.G. Demidov;
  • Alexander A. Knyazkov - Consultant of the Yaroslavl Legal Research Society
Abstract: 

In the present article authors defines attributes of object and victim in the framework of offense "abuse of power" (Article 286 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) and conduct comparative analysis. At the first place questions of what should be considered as object of crime in the Russian legal doctrine. Author believe that "vertical" objects are divided into general, intragenic, clan, group, specific and direct, "horizontal" - at primary, secondary and optional. Author carried out a comprehensive analysis of each object under consideration provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Authors give particular attention to the study of victims of this crime. According to authors, lack of the unified approach to this issue is largely generated by the procedural legislation. Author concludes that victims of the power abuse in the criminal law sense may be citizens (any individual), organizations (legal entities, irrespective of their legal form), society and the state. Based on the comprehensive analysis of legal acts, court practice and a wide range of scientific sources authors justify the appropriateness of amending Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: 

excess of powers, abuse of powers, crime structure, object of crime, objects of a crime classification, criminal encroachment, victim, Criminal Сode, Russia, Russian Federation.

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