About the Legal Status of Arctic

Journal Issue:

Author Information: 

Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor at the Department of International Law of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia.

Abstract: 

In the present article latest trends in the formation of legal status of Arctic Region as a result of new national laws of the Arctic states and regional and international agreements are analyzed. This article contains definition of "Arctic", author presents different interpretations of the term "Arctic States". In the article activities of the created in the year 1996 Arctic Council is analyzed, changes occurring in it in the regard to the adoption in 2011 and 2013 of two legally binding international agreements related for searching and rescuing in the Arctic Region and willingness to combat pollution of the Arctic waters are revealed. It is noted that with adoption of the Agreement in 2013 Arctic region became a full participant of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme, which currently consists of 18 marine regions and covering more than 140 countries. The chronology of implementing in international and national law of the sectorial theory to the Arctic Region is presented. Concerns regarding the future of Arctic internationalization are stated. Author concludes that it is necessary to develop and adopt mandatory vessel Environmental Code for navigation in polar waters.

Keywords: 

Arctic, Arctic states, legal status, ballast waters, vessel Ecological code, demilitarization, sectoral principle, internationalization, Arctic Council.

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