Analysis of the Russian and Foreign Legislation on Responsibility for Hooliganism and the Crimes Made from Hooligan Motives

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Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law at the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Ph.D. (Law).


Criminal code of Russian Federation adopted in 1996 was very unsuccessful and for more than fifteen years was numerously, sometimes unsystematically and unreasonably amended. Therefore it is extremely important to use foreign law-making experience for the current reform of domestic criminal legislation. In this article author in detail analyzes Russian and foreign legislation on responsibility for hooliganism and crimes made from hooligan motives. Repeated hooliganism, or hooliganism by group of persons, or accompanied by resistance to person stopping hooligan actions, or interfaced to causing less heavy injury to persons are counted as most dangerous and Criminal code of Russian Federation has the most strict punishment for such actions. These actions are punished by arrest for a period of three to six month, or by freedom restriction for a period of up to five years, or imprisonment for a period of one to six years. Objective signs of this qualified type of hooliganism include: 1) repeated hooliganism; 2) actions are conducted by a group of persons; 3) actions are accompanied by resistance to the person, stopping hooliganism; 4) actions interfaced to causing less heavy injury to person. Author's opinion on legal, social and psychological topics related to hooliganism is presented.


Hooliganism, criminal law, crime, hooligan motives, punishment, legislation, causing of heavy harm to health, extremism.


[1] Criminal code of the Republic of Belarus/ Intro. V.V. Vokjankina. SPb., 2001.
[2] Criminal code of Ukraine. Kharkov. Publishing house «Parus». 2008. p.137-138.
[3] Criminal code of the Republic of Moldova, «Vita-Press», St. Petersburg, 2002, p.332, 137.
[4] Criminal code of the Kyrgyz Republic, «Vita-Press», St. Petersburg, 2002, p.238.